The fastest way to learn and remember the history, culture, and mentality of the state is to visit Croatia – the heart of the Adriatic, a country with picturesque landscapes and numerous architectural monuments of global significance (you can see best photos of Croatian sights in our blog).
The main sights of the state include half-ruined ancient castles and original miracles of nature. All these features make up the tourism fund of Croatia – one of the world’s most popular resort countries.
The Mediterranean climate and the landscape wealth of the state contribute to the recovery in balneological resorts. In summer, the conditions there are comfortable for a beach holiday; and in winter, tourists go skiing.
The country has a clean sea, good beaches, delicious national cuisine, many reserves, and parks with forests, mountains, caves, grottoes, and waterfalls.
Top 7 most famous natural sights in Croatia
The country’s national parks are famous all over the world. Plitvice Lakes National Park is the most important and most visited of them. It consists of 16 lakes that are located at different heights. Strong streams of water flow from one lake to another, forming beautiful waterfalls.
The Krka National Park with its rocky rapids, lakes, waterfalls, and medieval monasteries is in second place. Moreover, the list of natural sights of Croatia must include
- Brijuni Islands,
- Zlatni Rat Beach,
- Spilja Vranjaca caveCave,
- Istria Peninsula,
- National Parks, such as Mljet, Kornati, Northern Velebit, Risnyak, Maksimir, and many others.
Photos of Croatian sights: Plitvice Lakes National Park
It is the oldest, most famous national park in Croatia and the only one in the country that is on the UNESCO world heritage list. It is located in North Dalmatia, south of Zagreb between two mountain ranges with diverse landscapes and breathtaking panoramic views. The park features the following:
- 140 silver waterfalls in the reserve, the number of which is growing every year;
- 16 deep karst lakes with emerald water;
- ancient coniferous and beech forests, and
- mountain caves.
Rare animals and birds live in the reserve. The air there is clear and fragrant. A large network of longer walking routes runs through the entire territory. Some of the routes are designed for short walks, while the walk along others can take seven to eight hours.
This national park has a well-deserved status of the “most visited” one in Croatia; however, it is not crowded there. It is impossible to get lost in the reserve – the signs are everywhere. It is not recommended to go deep into the midwood so as not to disturb residents.
Tourists can enjoy sightseeing tours at the eco-friendly transport. Floating tours are also offered. Tourists can stay for the night in hotels located in the park. Plitvice Lakes National Park is one of the most beautiful places on the planet. However, swimming is prohibited.
Krka National Park
This is a famous national park located between the cities of Knin and Šibenik in the Krka River Valley in the North Dalmatia region. The total area of the reserve is 109 km². It is famous for its rich animal and plant life.
Also, the park has preserved medieval and ancient Roman historical monuments. The ethnographic museum, as well as Serbian Orthodox and Franciscan monasteries, work within the reserve.
In Krka, there are seven connected cascading waterfalls in which swimming is not prohibited. They are safe since water falls from a small height. The waterfalls formed on the Krka River riverbed. The height of the largest of them is 45 m, and that of the lowest one is 8 m.
Krka National Park is a beautiful tourist infrastructure must-see. There is a clear forest on the sides of the waterfalls, and the original ecological system has been preserved in the park. The water in the waterfalls and the deep river is clear and has an azure hue.
The river flows between rocks, which serve as a habitat for the exuberance of vegetation. There are many walking paths between the waterfalls. From the height of suspension bridges, you can admire the landscape. The park has all the conditions for convenient viewing of natural sights.
It is the famous hill of Croatia, at the foot of which the famous fortress city of Dubrovnik lies. The highest point is 412 meters, and a breathtaking panoramic view of the city opens from the top.
A cable car ride takes 3 minutes. Those who wish to walk use a 2 km long hiking route. During the reign of Napoleon, a fortress was built on top of the mountain, and now it is a military museum.
The Brijuni Islands National Park is a chic, modern resort designed for tourists. It combines subtropical flavor, antique, as well as later temples and palaces. A strait separates the park from the mainland.
Brijuni Islands is a famous natural miracle located on the west coast of Istria. The archipelago consists of water area, 14 islands, and reefs in the north of the Adriatic Sea. The total area of the park is 7.42 km². You can buy an excursion to the reserve in any city of Istria.
It takes a whole day to see all the sights of the park. The islands of the archipelago are buried in verdure, in which various animals live in aviaries and the open air. Sea urchins live off the coast, which is a sign of clean water.
Moreover, a restaurant and a church are located in the park. Tourists move around the territory on foot and in a free electric locomotive. Brijuni is an archipelago for lovers of a natural beauty.
Zlatni Rat Beach
This is the most beautiful beach in Croatia, located on an 800-meter small pebble spit in the warm and clean Adriatic Sea, on the island of Brač. At the height of the tourist season, there are a lot of vacationers since it is a famous and very popular place. The beach has a well-developed infrastructure and has everything for a great holiday in any company.
Zlatni Rat Beach is a visiting card of Croatia having a distinctive shape. Bol is the nearest city buried in lush green vegetation. On the coast, you can enjoy outdoor activities in any weather: tourists go jet skiing, water skiing, scuba diving, and windsurfing.
Photos of Croatian sights: Mljet National Park
This is a famous island with rich tourist value and unspoiled natural beauty. The national park is located in South Dalmatia. The territory of the island is covered with green forests and has trekking routes for hiking and cycling. Salt lakes are hidden in numerous forests of the park, together with dozens of cozy bays and secluded beaches. Vacationers rent kayaks and travel around the park.
The total area of the reserve is 5,375 hectares and includes part of the water area and the northwestern territories of the island. This place will suit romantics and creative people who can appreciate the breathtaking panoramic view of the sea cliffs, coast, and green mountains.
Spilja Vranjaca caveCave
This natural interest in Kotlenice is located on the slope of the Mosor Mountain. Vranjaca is the country’s most colorful cave, a unique natural phenomenon. Guides are trained to make the cave more interesting for tourists and allowing them to learn the most about natural sights.
Important facts about the Spilja Vranjaca caveCave.
- The cave is more than 3,000 years old;
- It was first discovered in 1903 due to an earthquake;
- The cave was opened for excursions in 1929;
- Since 1963, the sight has received the status of a geomorphological monument due to the unusual relief of the earth’s surface.
The Vranjaca caveCave is interesting for speleology lovers. The entrance to the cave is ennobled – there is a stone staircase that visually resembles a chaotic pile of stones. Access roads were brought to it, and in 2001 the lighting system was replaced.
The cave is small, resembling a museum with many miraculous sculptures. Inside there are many stalagmites, stalactites, forming majestic columns, and unusual figures.
Top 7 most famous historical sights in Croatia
Croatia became independent in 1991. Before that, the territory of the state was part of the Roman Empire, the French, and then the Austro-Hungarians ruled here, and after that, it was part of Yugoslavia. Iconic objects and places remained from each era in Croatia.
Most of the state’s cultural attractions are concentrated in the regions of Dubrovnik, Rovinj, Trogir, and Split. Besides, they have been recognized as World Heritage Sites, are in the UNESCO honorary lists, and are protected by the organization.
The list of historical sights of Croatia includes
- Dubrovnik fortified city;
- Zagreb Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Zagreb;
- The Sea organ in Zadar;
- Diocletian’s Palace in Split;
- Church of St. Euphemia in Istria;
- medieval castles.
- Cathedral of St. Jacob in Šibenik.
The Fortified City of Dubrovnik
The city walls of Dubrovnik are located between the sea and the hills surrounding the Old Town. Their length is 2 km, height 25 m, and width – 6 m. The city was founded in the 7th century and some churches, arches, and towers that make up the fortress have been preserved to this day.
Visually, it seems that the walls grow out of the rocks and form a fort with defensive structures. After restoration in the 16th century, they have received the appearance in which they are now. The walls of Dubrovnik have been entered into the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The Minchet Tower – another symbol of the city – rises in the northwestern part of the old city and the walls of the fortress. The main gate in the western part of the city was protected thanks to the construction of Fort Bokar, which has survived to the present.
In the southeastern part of the old city, St. John’s Fortress (Utvrda Svetog Ivana) is located, which has protected and controlled the sea gates of Dubrovnik since the 14th century. The fortress prevented uncontrolled penetration of pirates and enemy ships into the city. Today, the St. John’s Fortress is an ethnographic-marine museum with an aquarium on the ground floor.
The Ravelin Fortress is another component of Dubrovnik. The defensive object was erected in 1462 opposite the city gate. Its main purpose is to protect against enemy attacks in the east.
All these objects are an integral part of the Fortified City of Dubrovnik and the history of Croatia.
Diocletian’s Palace – Photos of Croatian sights
The famous Palace of Emperor Diocletian is located in Split. This is a well-preserved architectural monument of the Roman Empire. The palace was built by the Roman emperor and has survived to our times, almost in its original form. This is a real ancient city.
Diocletian’s Palace is a unique famous sight that served as a platform for the filming of the acclaimed Game of Thrones series. The palace-city was built at the turn of the 3rd and 4th centuries. Building materials brought from Egypt and Turkey were used for the construction. You can look through the photos of Croatian sights on our website.
The sight is in the UNESCO World Heritage List as the best architectural structure erected during the reign of the Roman Empire.
The Sea Organ
This is a unique man-made structure on the Zadar Peninsula. The Sea Organ is a real miracle of nature, which helps the wind and the sea create open-air concerts. It was created on the concrete embankment of the old city. The construction is such that when a collision with a wave occurs, a natural sound is produced, similar to playing the organ.
Hundreds of tourists from all over the world come to this place. Just sitting on the stone steps 70 meters from the promenade, travelers enjoy the unusual game of nature, which pacifies and relaxes.
To achieve such a game, the architect Nikola Bashic introduced 35 polyethylene pipes into the structure. They have special tilt angles, different lengths, and sizes. This allows the power of sea water to drive air through the structure and produce sounds similar to those produced by wind instruments.
The Pula Arena – Photos of Croatian sights
The tiny city of Pula has become world-famous thanks to the Roman amphitheater built in it in the 1st century AD. Until now, it has been preserved in a half-ruined form, but this adds interest to the ancient sights.
The Pula Arena has huge dimensions – 133 by 105 meters. It accommodated up to 20 thousand spectators at a time.
For Croatia, this is the greatest sight of national importance. Therefore, restoration work is constantly being carried out here.
Once upon a time, gladiatorial battles had taken place in the amphitheater arena until the 5th century when they were forbidden by the emperor Honorius. Then this site was used as a market – shopping malls were located on it, at another time there was a pasture for pets.
In the 19th century, the Arena was globally reconstructed by the architect Pietro Nobile, under the auspices of the Austrian emperor Franz I.
Currently, military parades are held in the Arena. The museum has been opened in the underground halls, where archaeological finds that tell about the history of the area serve as exhibits. Authorities protect this building and do not allow tourists to take stones from the arena with them as a keepsake.
The Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption of Mary
The cathedral is the main sight of the city of Porec, which was built during the time of the Byzantine Empire. To this day, the basilica has preserved the unique mosaics of those times, which are of great value.
The front of the aspid is framed by a mosaic ribbon. The front wall of stone slabs has pearl inserts. The marble canopy under the altar was created in the 13th century. The canopy is decorated with mosaics and is supported by columns.
On the roof of the cathedral, there is an observation platform from which a breathtaking view of the city opens.
Photos of Croatian sights: Gornji grad, Zagreb
This is the attraction of Croatia, which every tourist who came to the country intends to visit. This is a district of Zagreb, the name of which means “upper city”.
It has a unique infrastructure. For tourists, there are hotels in the city. Travelers staying here will be able to explore all the local sights of Zagreb. This is the cultural center of the country, in which most architectural monuments are concentrated.
No less famous Roman Cathedral with the Croatian Parliament building is located on the territory of the sight. Large Mirogo cemetery is also located there.
The medieval city of Rovinj
This is a fabulous landmark of Croatia, located on the Istria peninsula. The stylistics of many eras can be traced in its architecture. The climate is mild – it is comfortable there at any time of the year. There are many islands of different sizes along the coastline of Rovinj. The island has many good beaches with sand, pebbles, and stones.
Jules Verne wrote about this place in his works. Today, newlyweds travel to Rovinj for a honeymoon. The city annually hosts a festival of photographers and an international regatta. The famous soft ice cream is for sale on the promenade.
Tourists from all over the world wish to view the photos of Croatian sights, get acquainted with the history and culture of the state. To do this, they go on a tour of the largest cities in the country.
Croatia deserves to spend your holidays there. It is an ecologically clean state with unique national natural parks, quality beaches, and unusual architectural monuments.
Tourists travel to Dubrovnik, Zagreb, and to the islands at any time of the year. In summer, for a beach holiday, in spring, and autumn – to get acquainted with the culture, in winter – to ski resorts. Croatia is Adriatic Nice!