Italy is a country where you can rest at any time of the year, because it is always interesting here and there is always something to do. The European state attracts with a variety of festivals, events and a warm Mediterranean climate. Before traveling, it is important to consider the weather in Italy by months. The best time to visit the country is from May to June and from September to October.
The weather in Italy by months
The high season in Italy begins in late May. This is the time when the weather is already constantly warm, and the sea in some parts of the country is warmed enough to start a beach holiday. The warmest resorts are in Sardinia and Sicily. In the summer the flow of tourists increases every following month. The off-peak season starts in September.
People go to Italy to celebrate the holidays: New Year, Christmas, Easter, Valentine’s Day. In addition to the general ones, each city of the state celebrates its holidays:
- in Rome – the day of St. Peter and Paul – June 29;
- in Milan, on December 7, St. Ambrosius Day is celebrated;
- in Venice, April 25 is St. Mark’s Day.
Carnivals, festivals, exhibitions, fashion weeks are often held in cities, where visitors from different countries of the world participate with pleasure. The most popular events are:
- Carnival in Venice, which takes place from late January to early February;
- fashion week is held in Milan at the end of winter;
- Chocolate Festival in Siena, Palio or Perugia.
The low season in Italy begins in October – November and ends in April. At this time, with the exception of holidays, there are fewer tourists.
Climatic features of Italy
The southernmost part of the state is the island of Sicily. It is much warmer throughout the year here. Sardinia and the Apennine peninsula have a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and mild, warm winters. The north has a temperate continental climate.
Italy is an extended country in longitude from north to south. Therefore, here you can find climatic features for different types of recreation. There are precipitations from October to March. In the summer there is little rain. Snow in the Alps and on the peaks of the Apennine mountains stays up to six months, year-round. On the areas with higher mountains the climate changes from temperate to colder.
From September to May heavy snowfalls often occur in the mountains. Climatic features of a city and a resort depend on its location and time of year.
How does the weather in Italy change by month?
To choose the best time for holiday, it is important to consider when large-scale festivals and holidays are held in Italy, when it rains and where the best beaches are.
January is the coldest month of the year. In different regions of the country, the temperature fluctuates:
- In Rome, the average air temperature during the day is +10 … + 12° C. At night, the indicator drops to + 4° C.
- Verona, Milan are located to the north, therefore it is always cooler here. The average daily temperature is + 4° C, at night it drops to + 2° C.
- Naples and Palermo are the warmest cities. The average daily temperature reaches + 14° С, at night it drops to + 11° С. Naples is the city with the most rainfall during the year: 101 mm.
In general, there are 14 days with precipitation during a month. The swimming season is far, the sea temperature is +11 degrees. Sunbathing on the coast is cold due to piercing winds.
“Blackbird days” or “giornate della merla” is the term that Italians describe from January 29 to January 31. The columns of the thermometer fall as low as possible; this is the coldest time of the year throughout Italy.
Where can you have a rest?
In January, they go to Italy for the sake of ski resorts. The most popular ski resorts are:
- Dolimiti di Brenta;
- Alta Valtellina;
- Val d’Aosta;
- Val di Susa;Trento.
The slopes of the mountains are snowy, the weather is perfect, snow cannons are activated if necessary.
Fans of a relaxing holiday and comfort go to the famous SPA resorts:
- Abano Terme. Located in the Veneto region, close to Venice and Padua. This is a complex with 100 hotels with thermal pools and mud treatment centers.
- Bibione. There is the Bibione Thermae thermal spa center on the Venetian Riviera with healing waters. The resort is characterized by developed infrastructure. It is suitable for recreation of adults and children.
- Ischia. It is a famous resort on the Mediterranean islands with unusual thermal sources.
- Fiuggi. It is an eco-friendly center in Lazio.
- Chianciano Terme. It is the oldest thermal resort in Europe, located in Tuscany.
- Montegrotto Terme. It is the thermal resort at the foot of the Euganean hills in northern Italy, near Veneto.
In January Italians celebrate many holidays. The most important one takes place on January 6 – Epiphany. After this holiday the season of winter sales starts. It is the favorite season of shopaholics.
Italians call the last month of winter “corto e maledetto”, which means short and damned. In February it is still cold, almost the same as in January. In the north of the country there are heavy snowfalls, in the south it is the time of prolonged rains.
The air temperature is a couple degrees higher than in the first month of the year:
- In the Eternal City, the air warms up to +13° C during the day, at night it drops to + 4° C.
- In Milan and Verona the temperature during the day is + 7° С, at night it is 0° С.
- Palermo has the most of sunny days and the air temperature is higher – during the day it is + 15° С, at night + 11° С.
Sea water temperature does not exceed + 10° С – the time of the beach season has not yet arrived.
Where to relax
There are ski resorts in the north of the state. There are few vacationers in hotels – the prices for hotel rooms and plane tickets are reasonable.
In February Italians and visitors of the country celebrate:
- Valentine’s Day;
- The Venetian carnival;
- The battle of oranges in Hebrew.
Vacationers attend events and get acquainted with the cities of the country. Venice is incredible. This is an unusual city on the water, which has 118 islands, 160 canals and 400 bridges over them. The atmosphere of past eras reigns in Venice. The architecture and elements of the city resemble theatrical scenery hundreds of years old.
In early spring, the weather in Italy is very capricious and unpredictable – it often rains, the sun shines brightly. Therefore, the locals call March “crazy” – “Marzo and pazzarello”. Air temperature varies by region:
- In Rome, Pisa and Naples during the day the temperature is +16° C, at night it is + 6° C. There are 13 rainy days in a month;
- In Genoa, the average daily temperature reaches + 14° C, there is the most rainfall here;
- In Milan, Venice the temperature during the day is + 12° C, at night it is +3 degrees.
It is too early to open the beach season – the temperature of sea water is not higher than + 11 … + 12° С.
Where to relax
The ski season ends in March, vacationers have a few weeks left to go skiing, snowboarding, sleighing and tubing.
Turin hosts the Chocolate Festival – CioccolaTò. Visitors get acquainted with the history of the origin of the production of chocolate treats and learn some recipes of outstanding Italian chocolate desserts.
Local chocolatiers present various varieties of chocolate with fillings for tasting. There are cultural events and competitions for kids.
In the middle of spring, tourists willing to go sightseeing and get acquainted with the culture come to Italy. At this time, the weather in the cities is different:
- In the Eternal City, Naples, Milan and Pisa the temperature during the day reaches +19° C, at night it drops to a minimum of + 8° C.
- In Venice it is + 16° C during the day and + 7° C at night.
- In Verona, Rimini and Genoa the temperature during the day is + 17° C, at night it is +8 degrees.
- The warmest weather in April is in Florence + 19 … + 20° С in the afternoon.
In April Italy has a maximum of 13 rainy days.
Where to relax
The water temperature in the Adriatic Sea is only + 14° С. But there are already daredevils who bathe in the cold abyss. You can comfortably sunbathe on the beach. Tourists go sightseeing to:
- Roman Forum (VII century BC – I century BC);
- Square of Venice;
- Capitoline Hill;
- Arch of Constantine;
- Troyan Forum;
- Column area;
- Trevi Fountain;
It is highly recommended to visit Rome which is one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. It was previously the cultural and political center of the powerful Roman Empire. Once upon a time, outstanding masters created here the decoration of Rome during the Renaissance: Michelangelo, Raphael, Bernini, and Bramante.
The main holiday among 99% of Italians is Easter. This is a revered day for everyone who adheres to family traditions. Italians celebrate Easter at the end of March or the beginning of April, there is no specific date as it always shifts. Italians spend the evening with their family, visit their relatives and friends.
April 25 is the Day of Liberation from Fascism in Italy. Festive demonstrations and military parades are held in cities.
In Italy May is called the month of roses since it is at the end of spring that varieties of these and other plants bloom and are full of fragrance. May is the opening of the swimming season. The influx of tourists to the southern regions of Italy increases noticeably, in particular, vacationers go to Sicily. Tourists sunbathe and swim in the sea. The air temperature in the regions differs in one or two degrees:
- In Rome, Naples, Florence the temperature during the day is +23° C, at night it is + 12° C.
- In Pisa, Milan the temperature during the day is +22 degrees, at night it is + 10° С.
- In Rimini, Genoa, Venice the temperature during the day is + 21° С, at night it is + 9° С.
Where to relax
Vacationers in Florence visit the iris garden. In May, more than 2000 species of this plant bloom here. In Venice, tourists visit:
- St. Mark’s Square with San Marco’s Cathedral;
- Doge’s Palace;
- the building of the Old and New Prosecutions;
- clock tower.
The famous “Bridge of Sighs” is in the city on the water. The construction connects the Palace of the Rains, “La Fenice” theatre and the building of the former prison.
May is the time of the three-day Giro d’Italia cycling race. It is a famous and an important sport event throughout Europe.
In early summer Italy has a comfortable temperature for a beach holiday. In the regions, the temperature indicators differ:
- The hottest weather is in Florence and in Rome: during the day it is +27° C, at night it is + 16° C.
- In Naples, Verona, Pisa the temperature during the day is + 26° C, at night it is+ 16° C.
- In Venice and Rimini the temperature during the day is +25° C, at night it is + 15° C.
- In Genoa, the temperature during the day is +24° C, at night it is + 18° C.
Where to relax
The water temperature in the Adriatic Sea is higher than +20° С – swimming and sunbathing is very pleasant. June is suitable for families with young children.
Italians celebrate many holidays in early summer:
- July 2 – Day of the proclamation of the Republic of Italy. Parades and fireworks are held around the country.
- The Music Festival starts in Ravello. Classical music is played everywhere, a sense of celebration reigns in the atmosphere.
- The Verona Opera Festival starts in Verona. It is traditionally held in the Amphitheater and lasts until the end of summer.
- At the Garda Lake in Borghetto on the Visconti bridge the Feast of Love Knot is celebrated. Dinner is served for 4,000 people on the bridge. At the end of the evening there are festive fireworks.
- The most important event in the Mediterranean in Taormina also takes place in June. It is the famous film festival on the island of Sicily. Films of independent directors from around the world are shown on the big screen.
This is a month of scorching heat and is more suitable for lovers of beach holidays by the sea. The water temperature reaches + 25 … + 26° C, off the coast of Sicily the sea warms up to +24 degrees. Temperature by region:
- In Rome the temperature during the day is + 31° C, at night it is + 18° C.
- In the south in the afternoon the temperature rises up to + 35° C
Where to relax
Tourists go to famous resorts; vacationers prefer a beach holiday. They go diving, surfing, snorkeling, sunbathing and swimming.
Many bright events take place in July:
- The coast in the region of Emilia Romagna plunges into the “Pink Night” holiday. All restaurants, cafes, dishes, recreation centers are decorated with pink tinsel and other bright decorations of this color.
- On July 15, Palermo celebrates the feast of the city’s patron saint, St. Rosalia, and in Terracina, the day of St. Madonna Carmine, the patron saint of fishermen, is celebrated.
- Palio Festival takes place in Siena – the event is stylized as medieval horse racing.
- The most spectacular water event takes place in Venice – this is the festival of Rodentore, which is celebrated annually on the third Sunday of July.
The last month of summer is the hottest in Italy. In the south in the afternoon the temperature rises to + 34 … 37° С. In Rome during the day the temperature is from + 30° C, at night it is no less than + 18° C. In total in August there is no more than 6 days with precipitation. The water temperature in the sea and lakes varies within + 24 … + 26° С.
Where to relax
Tourists go on vacation to the coast of the Adriatic Sea, to the lakes of Como, Maggiore, and Garda. They are surrounded by Alpine mountains, next to Milan and Verona.
Garda is the largest lake in Italy, which is located at around 65 m above sea level. The most popular local resorts are:
- Riva del Garda;
- Limone sul Garda.
The second largest lake in Italy is Maggiore. The pond is located on the border with Switzerland. The local resorts are:
- Intra, Stresa, Verbano on the West Bank.
- Ascona and Locarno on the east coast.
Tourists rest on the Como or Lario Lakes in Leccio, Como, Cernobbio, Comacina, and Bellagio.
In August, traditional gondola races are held on the Garda Lake. On August 15 the favorite holiday of Italians – Ferragosto – is held. This time is the easiest for tourists to delve into the local mentality and understand the mentality of local residents.
The beginning of autumn is the start of the off-peak season. Some resorts close, for example, in Rimini. It is still warm outside, but from the second week of the month the temperature gradually decreases – it is + 24 … + 26° C.
In the capital the temperature during the day reaches +27° C, at night it does not drop below + 16° С. In total, in September there are up to 9 rainy days.
Where to relax
In the southern regions, the beach season lasts until mid-October – this applies to Sicily, Puglia, and Capri. Sea water warms up to +24 degrees.
September is rich in Italian events:
- On September 1, the Frecce Tricolory Airshow takes place in Lido di Jesolo on the Venice Riviera.
- Historical regatta is held in Venice.
- Parma ham festival.
- Wine Festival in Asti.
- Pizza Festival.
In mid-autumn, the number of holidaymakers on the coast is reduced to a minimum. The water temperature in the sea is +20° C. The air temperature in the south ranges from + 23 …to + 28° C. In Rome the temperature is +22° C during the day and + 12° C at night. There are 12 rainy days during the month.
Where to relax
The weather in Italy is cool in October. Vacationers visit historical sites and attractions. The following sights in Florence are worth visiting:
- Uffizi Gallery, Pitti, Academy.
- Church of San Lorenzo and Santa Croce.
In Perugia on October 13-21, the Euro Chocolate Festival takes place. Numerous harvest festivals are held in other cities of the country.
In November, the beach season ends. The water temperature in the sea is +12° C. Air temperature during the day is + 16 … + 20° С, at night it is + 4° С. In Rome the temperature during the day is + 17° С, at night it is + 8° С. There are 14 rainy days in November.
Where to relax
Tourists put on warm clothes, take umbrellas and visit museums, galleries and other sights.
In late autumn, tourists visit:
- White Truffle Festival;
- holidays of chestnuts;
- the feast of the Madonna della Salute;
- Day of protection of black cats;
- National Unity Day.
November 1 Italians traditionally celebrate All Saints Day.
It’s cold in early winter in Italy. In the daytime in the south the temperature is + 13 … + 16° C, at night it is + 4 … + 5° С. In the center it is + 5 … + 13° С, in the north + 4 … + 5° С, at night -5° С. Sea water temperature is + 12° С. It snows in the north and it rains in the center and in the south.
Where to relax
In winter, Italy begins the season of ski resorts. Many tourists travel to the country to relax culturally and see the sights.
In December, Catholics celebrate several important church holidays:
- Immaculate Conception Day of the Blessed Virgin Mary – December 8;
- Christmas – December 25;
- St. Stephen’s Day – December 26th.
Fairs are held in the country on the eve of Catholic Christmas. In December the Tuscany hosts the Boar Festival. December 31 Italy celebrates the New Year. The squares arrange theater performances, pyrotechnic shows and musical bands performances.
The weather in Italy by months differs significantly depending on the location of the region. In the south it gets warmer earlier and it gets colder later. In the mountains there is snow almost until mid-summer. You can go to Italy any time of the year. There are wide clean beaches, gentle sea, many attractions. Festivals, fashion weeks, global sales are often held here – these and many other events attract tourists from all over the world to Italy.